$1 in 1933 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $1.03 in 1934. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 3.08% per year between 1933 and 1934, producing a cumulative price increase of 3.08%. Purchasing power decreased by 3.08% in 1934 compared to 1933. On average, you would have to spend 3.08% more money in 1934 than in 1933 for the same item.

This means that prices in 1934 are 1.03 times higher than average prices since 1933, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The 1933 inflation rate was -5.11%. The inflation rate in 1934 was 3.08%. The 1934 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 3.53% per year between 1934 and 2021.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1934 was 13.40. It was 13.00 in the previous year, 1933. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.

Contents

⌃

Average inflation rate | 3.08% |

Converted amount ($1 base) | $1.03 |

Price difference ($1 base) | $0.03 |

CPI in 1933 | 13.000 |

CPI in 1934 | 13.400 |

Inflation in 1933 | -5.11% |

Inflation in 1934 | 3.08% |

$1 in 1933 | $1.03 in 1934 |

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 1933 to 1934 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of $1):

**Detroit, Michigan**: 5.66% average rate, $1 → $1.06, cumulative change of 5.66%**Philadelphia, Pennsylvania**: 4.80% average rate, $1 → $1.05, cumulative change of 4.80%**Houston, Texas**: 4.64% average rate, $1 → $1.05, cumulative change of 4.64%**Atlanta, Georgia**: 3.91% average rate, $1 → $1.04, cumulative change of 3.91%**Boston, Massachusetts**: 3.12% average rate, $1 → $1.03, cumulative change of 3.12%**San Francisco, California**: 2.95% average rate, $1 → $1.03, cumulative change of 2.95%**New York**: 1.85% average rate, $1 → $1.02, cumulative change of 1.85%**Seattle, Washington**: 1.18% average rate, $1 → $1.01, cumulative change of 1.18%**Chicago, Illinois**: 0.66% average rate, $1 → $1.01, cumulative change of 0.66%

Detroit, Michigan experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 1 years between 1933 and 1934 (5.66%).

Chicago, Illinois experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 1 years between 1933 and 1934 (0.66%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1933 would be equivalent to £1.00 in 1934, an absolute change of £0.00 and a cumulative change of 0.00%.

In Canada, CA$1.00 in 1933 would be equivalent to CA$1.01 in 1934, an absolute change of CA$0.01 and a cumulative change of 1.41%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $0.03 and total percent change of 3.08%.

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1933 and 1934.

Compare these values to the overall average of 3.08% per year:

Category | Avg Inflation (%) | Total Inflation (%) | $1 in 1933 → 1934 |
---|---|---|---|

Food and beverages | 0.00 | 0.00 | 1.00 |

Housing | 0.00 | 0.00 | 1.00 |

Apparel | 8.39 | 8.39 | 1.08 |

Transportation | 0.00 | 0.00 | 1.00 |

Medical care | 0.00 | 0.00 | 1.00 |

Recreation | 0.00 | 0.00 | 1.00 |

Education and communication | 0.00 | 0.00 | 1.00 |

Other goods and services | 0.00 | 0.00 | 1.00 |

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1933. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1933 and 1934:

CPI in 1934
CPI in 1933

×

1933 USD value

=

1934 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 13 in the year 1933 and 13.4 in 1934:

13.413

×

$1

=

$1 in 1933 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $1.03 in 1934.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1933 and 1934, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1934 - CPI in 1933CPI in 1933

×

100

=

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

13.4 - 1313

×

100

=

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $1 in the S&P 500 index in 1933, our investment would be * nominally* worth approximately $1.44 in 1934. This is a return on investment of 44.19%, with an absolute return of $0.44 on top of the original $1.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered *nominal*. In order to evaluate the *real* return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 2.99% of returns ($0.04) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted * real* return of our $1 investment is $0.40. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around $0 for most people.

Original Amount | Final Amount | Change | |
---|---|---|---|

Nominal |
$1 | $1.44 | 44.19% |

RealInflation Adjusted |
$1 | $1.40 | 39.88% |

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 1933 to latest available data for 1934 using average monthly close price.

For more details on the S&P 500 between 1933 and 1934, see the stock market returns calculator.

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

- Coining of the name "Pakistan" by Choudhry Rahmat Ali, this is later accepted by Muslims in the Indian sub-continent who use it to push for a separate Muslim homeland in South Asia.
- Adolf Hitler is appointed Reich Chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated President of the United States.
- The first Nazi concentration camp, Dachau, is completed.
- The Nazi party is declared the only political party in Germany.

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Consumer Price Index (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1934 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 16 Oct. 2021, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1934.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

Average inflation rate | 3.08% |

Converted amount ($1 base) | $1.03 |

Price difference ($1 base) | $0.03 |

CPI in 1933 | 13.000 |

CPI in 1934 | 13.400 |

Inflation in 1933 | -5.11% |

Inflation in 1934 | 3.08% |

$1 in 1933 | $1.03 in 1934 |